Ramadan is a month in the Islamic Calendar. During Ramadan Muslims fast from sun rise to sunset. the Islamic calendar is a lunar calendar consisting of 12 lunar months in a year of 354 or 355 days. It is used to determine the proper days of Islamic holidays and rituals, such as the annual period of fasting and the proper time for the pilgrimage to Mecca. Each year my family fast and prays during this holy month. Most people ask me what is fasting? My mom always tells me that fasting is to cleanse the body and praying is to cleanse the soul. I've personally never really been religious but my family always has.